Report

Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index

Note : Skenario dibuat berdasarkan data yang dikirim oleh masing-maing K/L dengan asumsi
data primer (EOS) tetap, serta data sekunder yang belum tersedia diasumsikan tetap
Summary Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Edition Year 2019 Year 2021
Overall -0.94 3.48  
Ranking 40/141 91/140  
Total Subpillar 62 Components Secondary Data
Current Progress Input Data 96.72 % (59/62)
Detail Summary of Visit TTCI
No Index Component Score 2019 Score 2021  
Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index -0.94 3.48  
1 Enabling Environment Subindex1–7 (best) 5.00 4.05
Human Resources And Labour Market 4.45 4.36
Extent Of Staff Training, 1-7 4.71 4.71  
Treatment Of Customers, 1-7 5.25 5.25  
Hiring And Firing Practices, 1-7 4.55 4.55  
Ease Of Finding Skilled Employees, 1-7 (best) 4.67 4.67  
Ease Of Hiring Foreign Labour, 1-7 4.19 4.19  
Pay And Productivity, 1-7 4.74 4.74  
Women In Labor Force, Ratio To Men 3.08 3.16  
Primary Education Enrollment, Net % 6.24 6.24  
Secondary Education Enrollment, Gross % 6.35 7.42  
Women In Labor Force, Ratio To Men 3.17 3.08  
Qualification Of The Labour Force, 1-7 (best) 1.97 0.00  
ICT Readiness 4.83 4.20
ICT Use For Business-to-business Transactions, 1-7 5.60 5.60  
Internet Use For Business-to-consumer Transactions, 1-7 6.13 6.13  
Individuals Using Internet, % 2.73 3.72  
Fixed Broadband Internet Subscriptions/100 Pop. 1.33 2.46  
Mobile Phone Subscriptions/100 Pop. 8.11 5.49  
Active Mobile Broadband Internet Subscriptions/100 Population 3.33 3.35  
Mobile Network Coverage Rate, % Of Pop. 6.86 6.87  
Quality Of Electricity Supply, 1-7 4.56 0.00  
Business Environment 5.45 3.88
Business Impact Of Rules On FDI, 1-7 4.60 4.60  
Time Required To Deal With Construction Permits 5.84 5.84  
Cost (% Construction Cost) To Deal With Construction Permits 6.32 6.32  
Extent Of Market Dominance, 1-7 4.10 4.10  
No. Days To Start A Business 7.00 7.00  
Cost (% GNI Per Capita) To Start A Business 7.41 7.41  
Total Tax Rate, % Profits 6.15 6.15  
Labour And Contributions Tax Rate (% Profits) 5.60 5.60  
Profit Tax Rate (% Profits) 4.21 4.21  
Rate Of Other Taxes (%) Of Profits 6.97 6.97  
Efficiency Of Legal Framework In Settling Disputes, 1-7 4.60 0.00  
Efficiency Of Legal Framework In Challenging Regs., 1-7 4.50 0.00  
Effect Of Taxation On Incentives To Work, 1-7 5.00 0.00  
Effect Of Taxation On Incentives To Invest, 1-7 4.60 0.00  
Property Rights, 1-7 4.80 0.00  
Health And Hygiene 4.78 4.79
With Access To Improved Sanitation 5.43 5.43  
% Pop. With Access To Improved Drinking Water 6.47 6.47  
Number Of Physician/1,000 Pop 1.42 1.31  
Hospital Beds/10,000 Pop 1.50 1.59  
HIV Prevalence, % Adult Pop 6.91 6.96  
Malaria Cases/100,000 Populations 6.93 6.99  
Safety And Security 5.38 2.76
Homicide Cases/100,000 Population 6.98 7.00  
Index Of Terrorism Incidence, 1-7 6.81 6.80  
Business Costs Of Crime And Violence, 1-7 4.35 0.00  
Reliability Of Police Services, 1-7 4.38 0.00  
Business Costs Of Terrorism, 1-7 4.40 0.00  
2 T&T Policy And Enabling Conditions Subindex1–7 (best) 4.65 1.88
International Openness 4.26 5.07
Openness Of Bilateral Air Service Agreements 3.40 3.40  
Number Of Regional Trade Agreements In Force 2.32 4.66  
Visa Requirements 7.07 7.14  
Price Competitiveness 6.65 5.15
Ticket Taxes And Airport Charges 6.41 6.41  
Hotel Price Index 7.64 7.64  
Purchasing Power Parity 6.60 6.54  
Fuel Price Levels 5.97 0.00  
Environmental Sustainability 3.26 -2.75
Threatened Species 4.30 5.69  
Sustainability Of Travel And Tourism Industry Development, 1-7 4.85 4.85  
Baseline Water Stress 3.69 3.69  
Wastewater Treatment 1.00 1.04  
Environmental Treaty Ratification 4.67 5.00  
Forest Cover Change -1.40 -53.00  
Particulate Matter (2.5) Concentration 5.40 5.27  
Stringency Of Environmental Regulations, 1-7 4.60 0.00  
Enforcement Of Environmental Regulations, 1-7 4.53 0.00  
Fish Stock Status 1.00 0.00  
Prioritization Of Travel & Tourism 5.83 5.81
Government Prioritization Of Travel And Tourism Industry, 1-7 5.27 5.27  
T&T Government Expenditure 3.44 3.44  
Effectiveness Of Marketing And Branding To Attract Tourists, 1-7 5.14 5.14  
Comprehensiveness Of Annual T&T Data 6.61 6.29  
Timeliness Of Providing Monthly/quarterly T&T Data 7.08 7.08  
Country Brand Strategy Rating 7.46 7.66  
3 Infrastructure Subindex1–7 (best) 3.30 3.30
Air Transport Infrastructure 3.30 3.30
Quality Of Air Transport Infrastructure, 1-7 4.95 4.95  
Available Seat Kilometres, Domestic 1.53 1.53  
Available Seat Kilometres, International 1.54 1.54  
Aircraft Departures 6.95 6.95  
Airport Density, Airports/million Pop. 2.23 2.23  
Number Of Operating Airlines 2.58 2.61  
Ground And Port Infrastructure 3.45 3.45
Quality Of Railroad Infrastructure, 1-7 4.80 4.80  
Railroad Density 1.60 1.60  
Quality Of Port Infrastructure, 1-7 4.10 4.10  
Quality Of Domestic Transport Network, 1-7 4.33 4.33  
Quality Of Roads, 1-7 3.89 3.89  
Road Density 2.00 2.00  
Tourist Service Infrastructure 3.06 3.08
Hotel Rooms 3.02 3.17  
Extension Of Business Trips Recommended, 1-7 5.14 5.14  
Presence Of Major Car Rental Companies, 1-7 (best) 1.86 1.86  
ATMs Per Adults Population 2.22 2.16  
4 Natural And Cultural Resources Subindex1–7 (best) 3.52 4.52
Natural Resources 4.48 6.52
Total Known Species 6.02 16.03  
Natural Tourism Digital Demand 6.63 6.65  
Attractiveness Of Natural Assets, 1-7 5.57 5.57  
Total Protected Areas 1.57 1.76  
Number Of World Heritage Natural Sites 2.60 2.60  
Cultural Resources And Business Travel 2.57 2.52
Number Of International Association Meetings 1.56 1.56  
Cultural And Entertainment Tourism Digital Demand 1.48 1.48  
Number Of World Heritage Cultural Sites 1.49 1.49  
Oral And Intangible Cultural Heritage 2.35 1.75  
Sports Stadiums 5.97 6.31